• Ljiljana Gulan "University of Pristina, Faculty of Natural Science and Mathematics"
Keywords: building materials, house, Indoor radon concentration,


This paper presents an analysis of indoor radon measurements carried out in municipality of Zubin Potok, northwestern part of Kosovo and Metohija. Annual measurements in two rooms of each house were performed by solid state nuclear track detectors commercially known as Gammadata. Average indoor radon concentration in different type of houses varied from 29-326 Bq/m3. A different year of house’s construction including various types of building materials were selected for survey. A detail analysis showed that the differences in radon concentration occur between various building materials used for construction, flooring level, type of room and behavior of inhabitants. It was found that building materials in some houses contribute additionally to indoor radon.

Author Biography

Ljiljana Gulan, "University of Pristina, Faculty of Natural Science and Mathematics"


Alghamdi, A.S., & Aleissa, K.A. 2014. Influences on indoor radon concentrations in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Radiation Measurements, 62, pp. 35-40.

-CEC. Commission of the European Communities. 1990. Commission recommendation of 1990 on the protection of the public against indoor exposure to radon. European Journal of Communication, 80, pp. 26-28.

Chao, C.Y.H., Tung, T.C.W., & Burnett, J. 1997. Influence of Ventilation on Indoor Radon Level. Building and Environment, 32(6), pp. 527-534.

Denman, A.R., Groves-Kirkby, N.P., Groves-Kirkby, C.J., Crockett, R.G.M., Phillips, P.S., & Woolridge, A.C. 2007. Health implications of radon distribution in living rooms and bedrooms in U.K. dwellings: A case study in Northamptonshire. Environ Int, 33(8), pp. 999-1011. pmid:17399788

Forkapić, S., Bikit, I., Slivka, J., Conkić, L.J., Vesković, M., Todorović, N., . . . Hulber, E. 2007. Indoor radon in rural dwellings of the South-Pannonian region. Radiat Prot Dosimetry, 123(3), pp. 378-83. pmid:17077094

Gulan, L., Milic, G., Bossew, P., Omori, Y., Ishikawa, T., Mishra, R., . . . Zunic, Z.S. 2012. Field experience on indoor radon, thoron and their progenies with solid-state detectors in a survey of Kosovo and Metohija (Balkan region). Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 152(1-3), pp. 89-197.

Gulan, L., Bochicchio, F., Carpentieri, C., Milic, G., Stajic, J., Krstic, D., . . . Zunic, Z.S. 2013. High annual radon concentration in dwellings and natural radioactivity content in nearby soil in some rural areas of Kosovo and Metohija (Balkan region). Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, 28(1), pp. 60-67.

Gulan, L. 2015. Radon i toron u vazduhu zatvorenih prostorija na Kosovu i Metohiji - korelacija i mape rizika, Monografija. Beograd: Akademska misao.

-ICRP, International Commission on Radiological Protection. 1993. Protection against Radon-222 at Home and at Work. Annals of the ICRP, . Pergamon, Oxford, ICRP 65 Publication.

Kávási, N., Németh, C., Kovács, T., Tokonami, S., Jobbágy, V., Várhegyi, A., . . . Somlai, J. 2007. Radon and thoron parallel measurements in Hungary. Radiat Prot Dosimetry, 123(2), pp. 250-3. pmid:16891349

Kurnaz, A., Küçükömeroğlu, B., Cevik, U., & Celebi, N. 2011. Radon level and indoor gamma doses in dwellings of Trabzon, Turkey. Applied radiation and isotopes, 69(10), pp. 1554-9. pmid:21783373

Milić, G., Yarmoshenko, I., Jakupi, B., Kovačević, M., & Žunić, Z.S. 2011. Indoor radon measurements in Kosovo and Metohija over the period 1995-2007. Radiation Measurements, 46, pp. 141-144.

Popović, D., & Todorović, D. 2006. Radon indoor concentrations and activity of radionuclides in building materials in Serbia. Facta Universitatis: Physics, Chemistry and Technology, 4, pp. 11-20.

Righi, S., & Bruzzi, L. 2006. . Natural radioactivity and radon exhalation in building materials used in Italian dwellings. Jornal of Environmental Radioactivity, 88, pp. 158-170.

Stojanovska, Z., Januseski, J., Boev, B., & Ristova, M. 2012. Indoor exposure of population to radon in the FYR of Macedonia. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 148(2), pp. 162-7. pmid:21406429

-Opština Zubin Potok. 2013. Strategija razvoja opštine Zubin Potok 2013-2017.

Sundal, A.V., Henriksen, H., Soldal, O., & Strand, T. 2004. The influence of geological factors on indoor radon concentrations in Norway. Sci. Total Environ., 328(1-3), pp. 41-53. pmid:15207572. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2004.02.011

-UNSCEAR. United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation. 1993. Sources and effects of ionizing radiation. Report to General Assembly with Scientific Annexes.New York: United Nations.

-UNSCEAR. United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation. 2006. Report: Effects of ionizing radiation ANNEX E. Sources-to-effects assessment for radon in homes and workplaces.New York: United Nations.

-UNSCEAR. United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation. 2008. Sources and effects of ionizing radiation. Annex B: Exposure of the public and workers from various sources of radiation.New York: United Nations.

Original Scientific Paper