• Jovan Dragojlović University of Pristina, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics
  • Dušan Ristić Ph.D. student – University of Belgrade, Fakulty of Geography, Belgrade, Serbia.
  • Nikola Milentijević University of Pristina, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics
Keywords: urbanization, rural settlements, urban settlements, functions, typology, sustainable development, District of Toplica,


Contemporary processes of industralization, urbanization, deagrarianization, the polarization and globalization contribute socio-economic transformation of the observed space as well as the creation of new carrier of functional relationships in space. Towns with its own influences enrich the network of surrounding settlements, strengthen their mutual relations and create a whole functional settlement system of one area , or the gravity of the urban core. By dividing the functions of the primary, secondary and tertiary, the basis and types of settlements are created by functional criteria according to the  type of  economic  activity  and  the primary content in them. In this area in the second half of the twentieth and early twenty-first century witnessed substantial changes in almost  all components of demographic structure, which resulted in the transformation of functional types of settlement, when the predominantly agrarian settlement characteristic of the area of Toplica road went up mixed and service settlement. The idea behind the study is for the geographically complex area to be displayed in the light of socio-economic development, and as a basis for further economic development of this part of the Republic of Serbia.


Author Biography

Jovan Dragojlović, University of Pristina, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics
Department of Geography


Boudeville, J. 1966. Problems of Regional Planning.Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Christaller, W. 1933. Die Zentraleen Orte in Südeutschland. Eine ökonomischegeographische Untersuchung über die Gestmässigkeit der Verbreitung and Entwicklung der Siedlungen mit stadtischen Functionen.Darmstadt. Doktor-Disertation (Gustav Fischer Jena). Reprinted 1980.

Davies, E.K.D. 1967. Centrality and the Central Place Hierarchy. Urban Studies, 4.

Dragojlović, J. 2017. The nodal centres of Toplica district.Belgrade: University of Belgrade - Faculty of Geography. Doctoral dissertation.

Federal Statistical Yugoslavia (SZS). 1984. Census, households and apartments in 1981.Belgrade. Table 194 and 195.

Grčić, M. 1999. Functional classification of the settlements Mačve, Šabačke Posavine i Pocerine. The messenger of the Serbian geographical society, notebook 1.

Green, N. 2004. General Functional Polycentricity: A definition. Polinet-Working Paper.

Matijević, D. 2009. Spatial functional connection of the settlements Municipalities Stara Pazova with the urban sistem of Belgrade.Belgrade: Geographical institute Jovan Cvijic.

Myrdal, G. 1957. Economic Theory and Underdeveloped Regions.London: University Paperbacks, Methuen., pp. 12-13.

Rudić, V. 1978. Population of Toplica.Belgrade: Belgrade Ethnographic Institute of SANU. Special edition, book 17.

Republican Statistical Office of Serbia (RZS). 2002. Census, households and dwellings in the Republic of Serbia in 2002. Belgrade. 3.

Republican Statistical Office of Serbia (RZS). 2012. Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia, 2011. Belgrade. 11.

Spatial plan of the Municipality of Blace.

Spatial Plan of the Municipality of Kuršumlija.

Spatial Plan of the Municipality of Prokuplje.

Spatial Plan of the Municipality of Žitoradja.

Stamenković, S., & Bačević, M. 1992. Geography of the settlements, University textbook.Belgrade: University of Belgrade - Faculty of Geography - University of Belgrade - Faculty of Science.

The regional spatial plan for the territory of Nišava, Toplica and Pirot District.

Tošić,D. 2012. Principles of regionalization.Belgrade: University of Belgrade - Faculty of Geography.

Vresk, M. 1990. A town in regional and urban planning.Zagreb: School books.

Original Scientific Paper