• Vladimir Pavković Academy of Applied Studies Belgrade – Department College of Tourism
  • Goran Jević Academy of Applied Studies Belgrade – Department College of Tourism
  • Jelena Jević Academy of Applied Studies Belgrade – Department College of Tourism
  • Phong Thanh Nguyen Department of Project Management, Ho Chi Minh City Open University & Professional Knowledge & Project Management Research Team (K2P), Ho Chi Minh City Open University
  • Cipriana Sava Faculty of Tourism and Commercial Management, Christian University “D.Cantemir” Timisoara
Keywords: DEA analysis, tourism, efficiency of tourism, European regions and countries


Abstract: The paper presents research results of efficiency of tourism sector in certain European countries and regions obtained by applying DEA method. The primary goal of the paper is to determine to what extent tourism sector in certain European countries and regions is efficient in relation to set parameters, while the secondary goal is aimed at providing recommendations for its improvement. In relation to this, the methodology of the DEA analysis is based on the input and output parameters which were used to determine the efficiency. The input parameters included: number of hotels and similar accommodation capacities, number of rooms and number of bed places, whereas the output parameters included: number of inbound tourists, number of bed-nights and tourism expenditure during their stay abroad. One of the conclusions of the paper is that the total efficiency was shown in Croatia, Belgium, and Denmark, while the technical efficiency was also present in North Macedonia, France, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain.


Antonakakis, N., Dragouni, M., & Filis, G. (2015). How strong is the linkage between tourism and economic growth in Europe?. Economic Modelling, 44, 142-155.

Barros, C. A. P., & Santos, C. A. (2006). The Measurement of Efficiency in Portuguese Hotels Using Data Envelopment Analysis. Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research, 30(3), 378–400.

Barros, C. P. (2005). Evaluating the efficiency of a small hotel chain with a Malmquist productivity index. International Journal of Tourism Research, 7(3), 173–184.

Chaabouni, S. (2019). China's regional tourism efficiency: A two-stage double bootstrap data envelopment analysis. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, 11, 183–191.

Chiang, W., Tsai, M., & Wang, L. S. M. (2004). A DEA evaluation of Taipei hotels. Annals of Tourism Research, 31(3), 712-715.

Ćiraković, L.S., Bojović, N.J., & Milenković, M.S. (2014). Analiza efikasNBNti autobuskog podsistema javnog transporta putnika u gradu Beogradu, korišćenjem DEA metode. Tehnika-Saobraćaj, 61, 1032-1039.

Corne, A. (2015). Benchmarking and tourism efficiency in France. Tourism Management, 51, 91-95.

Cracolici, M. F., Nijkamp, P., & Rietveld, P. (2008). Assessment of tourism competitiveness by analysing destination efficiency. Tourism Economics, 14(2), 325-342.

Eurostat (2017a). Nights spent in tourist accommodation establishments.; (30.08.2021.)

Eurostat (2017b). Number of establishment, bedrooms and bed-places. (30.08.2021.)

Hadad, S., Hadad, Y., Malul, M., & Rosenboim, M. (2012). The economic efficiency of the tourism industry: A global comparison. Tourism economics, 18(5), 931-940.

Liang, L. T., & Yang, J. T. (2012). Analysis of the tourism efficiency and its decomposition based on DEA. Geographical Research, 31(8), 1422-1430.

Lozano, S., & Gutiérrez, E. (2011). Efficiency analysis of EU-25 member states as tourist destinations. International Journal of Services Technology and Management, 15(1-2), 69-88.

Martić, M., & Savić, G. (2001). An application of DEA for comparative analysis and ranking of regions in Serbia with regards to social-economic development. European Journal of Operational Research, 132(2), 343-356.

Martín, J. C., Mendoza, C., & Román, C. (2017). A DEA travel–tourism competitiveness index. Social Indicators Research, 130(3), 937-957.

Mitrović, Z., Vujošević, M., & Savić, G. (2017). Data envelopment analysis for evaluating serbia’s health care system. Management: Journal of Sustainable Business and Management Solutions in Emerging Economies, 20(75), 39-46.

Pablo-Romero, M. D. P., & Molina, J. A. (2013). Tourism and economic growth: A review of empirical literature. Tourism Management Perspectives, 8, 28-41.

Pérez-Rodríguez, J. V., & Acosta-González, E. (2007). Cost efficiency of the lodging industry in the tourist destination of Gran Canaria (Spain). Tourism Management, 28(4), 993–1005.

Peypoch, N., & Solonandrasana, B. (2008). Aggregate efficiency and productivity analysis in the tourism industry. Tourism Economics, 14(1), 45-56.

Savić, G. (2016). Merenje performansi i DEA osnove. (31.08.2021.)

Savić, G., Makajić-Nikolić, D., i Suknović, M. (2012). AHP-DEA Measure for study program selection. Symorg 2012 - Operational Research and Quantitative Methods in Management, Belgrade 1217-1223.

Schubert, S. F., Brida, J. G., & Risso, W. A. (2011). The impacts of international tourism demand on economic growth of small economies dependent on tourism. Tourism Management, 32(2), 377-385.

Soysal-Kurt, H. (2017). Measuring tourism efficiency of European countries by using data envelopment analysis. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 13(10), 31. https:// doi: 10.19044/esj.2017.v13n10p31

The World Bank (2017). World Development Indicators: Travel and tourism. (30.08.2021.)

Tooman, L. A. (1997). Tourism and development. Journal of Travel Research, 35(3), 33-40.

Wang, F. C., Hung, W. T., & Shang, J. K. (2006). Measuring the cost efficiency of international tourist hotels in Taiwan. Tourism Economics, 12(1), 65-85.

Webster, C., & Ivanov, S. (2014). Transforming competitiveness into economic benefits: Does tourism stimulate economic growth in more competitive destinations?. Tourism Management, 40, 137-140.

Original Scientific Paper