The Other Self in Free Fall: Anxiety and Automated Tracking Applications

  • Christopher Gutierrez McGill University

Sažetak


Recent scholarship on the rise of automated self-tracking has focused on how technologies such as the Fitbit and applications such as Nike+ demand that the user internalize the logic of contemporary surveillance. These studies emphasize the disciplinary structure of self-tracking – noting that these applications rely on logics of self-control, flexibility and quantification to produce particular neoliberal subjects. Following these readings, this paper considers the central role that anxiety plays in motivating, and maintaining, the subject’s desire to understand the self through automated tracking systems. I will elaborate on this anxiety in three defined sections. Firstly, I will provide a brief overview of the relationship between anxiety and affect developed in both Freud’s and Lacan’s work on anxiety. Secondly, I will consider how the particular aesthetic principles of two applications, the Nike+ running application and the Spire breath monitoring application, afford the production of anxious digital selves by drawing on the emerging digital aesthetic of the free-fall in order to create a simultaneous distanciation and conflation of the embodied self and the digital self. Finally, I will consider how self-tracking applications represent a particular affective loop, fuelled by the subject’s insatiable jouissance, which drives a never-ending anxious attempt to reunite the subject and object. Ultimately, it is from within these practices of digital self-construction that we can most clearly identify both an everyday anxiety of the self and emergent subjectivity and aesthetic of the present.

Reference

Blackwell, L. (2014). Affect and Automatic: Towards an Analytics of Experimentation. Subjectivity, 7(4): 362–384.

Brinkema, E. (2009). To Cut, to Split, to Touch, to Eat, as of a Body or a Text: Secretary and Dans ma

peau. Angelaki: Journal of Theoretical Humanities, 14(3): 131–145.

Chun, W. H. K. (2016). Big Data as Drama. ELH, 83(2): 363–382.

Clark, D. & Aaron, T. 2011). Cognitive Therapy of Anxiety Disorders: Science and Practice. New York: Guilford Press.

Copjec, J. (2006). May ’68: The Emotional Month. In Zizek, S. (ed.), Lacan: The Silent Partner (pp. 90–114). London: Verso Books

Da Silva, J. (2013). Coming Up Short: Working-Class Adulthood in an Age of Uncertainty. Cambridge: Oxford University Press.

Dean, J. (2010a). Affective Networks. MediaTropes, 2(2): 19–44.

Dean, J. (2010b). Blog Theory: Feedback and Capture in the Circuits of Drive. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons.

De Certeau, M. (1984). The Practice of Everyday Life. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Flatley, J. (2009). Affective Mapping: Melancholia and the Politics of Modernism. Cambridge: Harvard

Foucault, M. (1997). Ethics: Subjectivity and Truth: the Essential Works of Michael Foucault, 1954-1

Freud, S. (1895). On the Grounds for Detaching a Particular Syndrome from Neurasthenia under the

Freud, S. (1926). Inhibitions, Symptoms and Anxiety. Cambridge: Oxford University Press.

Freud, S. (1936). The Problem of Anxiety. New York: The Psychoanalytic Quarterly Press

Galloway, A. (2006). Gaming: Essays on Algorithmic Culture. Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press.

Johnstone, A. (2002). The Forced Choice Of Enjoyment: Jouissance between Expectation and Actualization. Accessed 20. 07. 2016. URL: http://www.lacan.com/forced.htm

Lacan, J. (1992). The Ethics of Psychoanalysis: The Seminar of Jacques Lacan, Book VII. London: Routledge.

Lacan, J. (1998). Encore: The Seminar of Jacques Lacan, Book XX. New York: W.W. Norton and Company.

Lacan, J. (2014). Anxiety: The Seminar of Jacques Lacan, Book X. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Morozov, E. (2013). To Save Everything, Click Here. New York: Public Affairs.

Salecl, R. (2004). On Anxiety. London: Routledge.

Shouse, E. (2005). Feeling, Emotion, Affect. M/C journal, 8(6): 24–30

“Spire –The Mindfulness and Activity Tracker”. Retrieved from: https://spire.io/

Steyerl, H. (2011). In Free Fall: A Thought Experiment on Visual Perspective. Accessed 22. 07. 2016. URL: http://www.e-flux.com/journal/in-free-fall-a-thought-experiment-on-vertical-perspective/

Thrift, N. (2004). Intensities of Feeling: Towards a Spatial Politics of Affect. Geografiska Annaler: Series B, Human Geography, 86(1): 57–78.

“What is Nike Fuel?”. Retrieved from: https://secure-nikeplus.nike.com/plus/what_is_fuel/

Whitson, J. (2014). Foucault’s Fitbit: Governance and Gamification. In Waltz, S. P. & Deterding, S. (eds.), The Gameful World: Appproaches, Issues, Applications (pp. 339–358). Cambridge: MIT Press.

Wolf, G. (2010). The Data-Driven Life. Accessed 21. 07. 2016. URL: http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/02/magazine/02self-measurement-t.html.

Objavljeno
2016/12/26
Rubrika
Originalni naučni članak