Motors of Change for R&D and Innovation towards Sustainable Energy in Turkey

  • Şiir Kılkış The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK)

Abstract


There is a revival of mission-oriented R&D and innovation programs in prioritized areas that serve the aim of decoupling economic growth from environmental pressures. This paper analyzes the governance process in activating the innovation actors in the area of energy technologies in Turkey. This process that was coordinated by TÜBİTAK led to the National Energy R&D and Innovation Strategy for 2011-2016. The three main phases of this process are mapped to be strategy-building, prioritization, and implementation involving six different participatory approaches. The Strategy is based on the strategic aims of mission-oriented R&D projects, capacity advancement, commercialization, and governance. Two new, call-based grant programs launched with eleven energy calls in the first year are overviewed. These programs were key to activating a phase known as “motors of change” for the innovation system. The second year led to the selection of the topic of “Energy Efficiency” for a pilot technology roadmap process, which involved a separate, multi-actor governance process. The paper concludes with the key role of R&D and innovation in allowing energy to contribute to the sustainable development of Turkey by utilizing energy resources effectively and efficiently.

Author Biography

Şiir Kılkış, The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK)
Dr. Kılkış received her PhD degree from the KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Sweden. She works as expert at the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK).

References

Bergek, A. et al. (2008). Analyzing the Functional Dynamics of Technological Innovation Systems: A Scheme of Analysis. Research Policy, (37)3, 407-429.

Dick, S., Roger, J., Launius, D., Editors (2007). Societal Impact of Spaceflight. Washington D.C.: NASA.

Freeman, C. (1996). The Greening of Technology and Models of Innovation. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, (53)1, 27-39, doi:000601.

Hargroves, K., Smith, H., Editors (2006). The Natural Advantage of Nations (Vol.1): Business Opportunities, Innovation and Governance in the 21st Century. London: Earthscan.

Hekkert, M. et al. (2007). Functions of Innovation Systems: A New Approach for Analysing Technological Change, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, (74)4, 413-432.

High Planning Council – YPK (2012). Decision No. 2012/1 Energy Efficiency Strategy 2012-2023. Ankara.

Kılkış, Ş. (2012). The Management of a Transition Process towards a Sustainable Future on the Axes of Science, Technology and Innovation: Analysis of the Strategic Framework and Proposals for our Country (Unpublished TÜBİTAK Expertise Thesis). Ankara.

Kooiman, J. (1993). Modern Governance New Government-Society Interactions. London Newbury Park, California: Sage.

Law No. 6094 (2011). Renewable Energy Law. Ankara: T.C. Official Circular.

Loorbach, D. (2007). Transition Management: New Mode of Governance for Sustainable Development (PhD Thesis). Utrecht: International Books.

Morlacchi, P. (2009). Emerging Challenges for Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Research: A Reflexive Overview. Research Policy, 38(4), 571–582, doi: 01.021.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (2009). Spin-Off: Innovative Partnership. Washington D.C.: NASA.

Rotmans, J. et al. (2000). Transitions and Transition Management: The Case of a Low-Emission Energy Supply. Maastricht: ICIS-Report.

SCST (2010). Evaluation of Developments at the 22nd Meeting of the SCST.

Soete, L. (2010). The Role of Research and Innovation for the Knowledge-based Economy. Paper presented at the Week of Innovative Regions in Europe, Granada. Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/research/era/pdf/ community_research_policy_role.pdf.

Stamm, A. et al. (2009). Sustainability-Oriented Innovation Systems: Towards Decoupling Economic Growth from Environmental Pressures? Bonn: German Development Institute.

Stine, D. (2008). The Manhattan Project, the Apollo Program, and Federal Energy Technology R&D Programs: A Comparative Analysis. CRS Report for Congress, Washington D.C.

Suurs, R. (2009). Motors of Sustainable Innovation: Towards a Theory on the Dynamics of Technological Innovation Systems (Unpublished PhD Thesis). Utrecht.

T.C. Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (2011). Energy Balance. Retrieved from www.etkb.gov.tr.

TÜBİTAK (2011). National Energy R&D and Innovation Strategy, Annex to Decree No. 2010/101 at the 23rd Meeting of the SCST, Ankara.

TÜBİTAK (2012-a). High-Level Prioritization Group Meeting of the Energy Sector. Retrieved from http://www.tubitak.gov.tr/sid/2402/pid/2400/cid/ 27559/index.htm.

TÜBİTAK (2012-b). Implementation Bylaws of the TÜBİTAK 1003 Program.

TÜBİTAK (2012-c). Implementation Bylaws of the TÜBİTAK 1511 Program.

TÜBİTAK (2012-d). Calls of the TÜBİTAK 1003/1511 Programs. Retrieved from http://www.tubitak.gov.tr/.

Turkish Statistical Institute (2011). Foreign Trade Statistics. Retrieved from www.tuik.gov.tr.

YPK (2009). Decision No. 2009/11 Electrical Energy Market and Security of Supply Strategy. Ankara.

Published
2014/03/28
Section
Original Scientific Paper