THE EFFECTS OF ADSORBENT MASS USING RED BRICK POWDER ON THE RESULTS OF BIOGAS PURIFICATION
Biogas is produced by the digestion of organic waste by anaerobic bacteria. However, the application of raw biogas is not effective because it consists of impurities such as carbon dioxide (CO2), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), water vapor (H2O), and other impurity gases. Physical Adsorption is the simplest method of immobilization of biomolecules such as CO2 which is attached to the surface through the weak bonds like van der Waals forces. One of the physical adsorption means to reduce CO2 levels in biogas is to use brick powder. Increasing of brick powder adsorbent mass caused the decrease of CO2 concentration in the biogas purification. Brick is a porous material containing SiO2Al2O3, so it has the ability to form Van Der Waals bonding forces with CO2. The goal of this research is to determine the efficiency of brick powder as a purification adsorbent to reduce of CO2 levels using the 23 factorial design method.The application of 200 and 400 grams brick powder adsorbents, with the biogas flow rate of 1 and 2 liters/minute, was researched at intervals of 5 and 20 minutes, for the CO2 concentration data and heating values of biogas. Gas Chromatography (GC) was used to determine the concentration of adsorption gases, especially CO2 and CH4. The results showed that the biggest efficiency reduction in CO2 concentration is 59.28 %.
Aleman-Nava G S, Casiano V H, Cardenas-Chavez D L, Diaz-Chavez R, Scarlat N and Mahlknecht J : Renewable Energy Research Progress in Mexico: A review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2014, vol.32: 140-153
Hossain M S and Rahman M F : Hybrid Solar PV/Biomass Powered Energy Effecient Remote Cellular Base Stations, International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, 2020, Vol. 10, No.1.
Garlucci I, Mutani G and Martino M : Assessment of Potential Energy Producible form Agricultural Biomass in Municipalities of the Novara Plain International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications. 2015
Ulusoy Y, Ulukardesler A H, Arslan R and Tekin Y : Biogas Production Potentialof Olive-mill Wastes in Turkey 6th International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications. 2017
Maile O I, Muzenda E, Tesfagiorgis H : Chemical Absorption of Cabon Dioxide in Biogas Purification International Conference on Sustainable Materials Processing and Manufacturing. 2017
Yentekakis I V and Goula G : Biogas Management: Advanced Utilization for Production of Renewable Energy and Added-value Chemicals Frontiers in Environmental Science Wastewater Management Front. Environ. Sci. 5:7. 2017
Maile O I, Tesfagiorgis H and Muzenda E : A Review of Possible Absorbent Regeneration in Biogas Purification and Upgrading International Conference on Energy, Environment and Climate Change (ICEECC 2015)
Gerlach F, Grieb B and Zerger U : Sustainable Biogas Production: A Handbook for Organic Farmers (Frankurt: FiBL Projekte GmbH) 2013
Sandhyarani N : Surface Modification Methods for Electrchemical Biosensor (Electrochemical Biosensors) (Kerala: Ensafi) 2019 chapter 3 pp 45-75
Gawande S M, Belwalkar N S and Mane A : Adsorption and its Isotherm – Theory, International Journal of Engineering Research, 2017 vol.6 no.6: 312-316
Ikegwu J U and Uzuegbu J : X-ray Fluorescence Investigation of Clay Minerals for Pottery Making in Abakiliki Formation, Nyame Akuma 2015 no. 84.
Nanik Astuti Rahman, Widiyastuti, Masrurotul Ajiza, Dimas Indra Laksmana : Application of Amine Modified Silica Adsorbenes on CO2 Adsorption in Biogas, the 9th International Conference on Green Technology Faculty of Science & Technology, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang, Indonesia 17 October 2018
M. Auta and B.H Hameed : Modified mesoporous clay adsorbent for adsorption isotherm and kinetics of methylene blue, Chemical Engineering Journal Volumes 198–199, 1 August 2012, Pages 219-227
Nesrine Chouikhi, Juan Antonio Cecilia, Enrique Vilarrasa-García, Sabrine Besghaier, Mohamed Chlendi, Francisco Ignacio Franco Duro, Enrique Rodriguez Castellon and Mohamed Bagane : CO2 Adsorption of Materials Synthesized from Clay Minerals: A Review, Minerals 2019, 9, 514 : 1-22
Lhanafi S, Anfar Z, Chebli B, Benafqir M, Haouti R E, Azougarh Y, Abbaz M and Alem N E : Factorial Experimental Design to Enhance Methane Production of Dairy Wastes Co-Digestion, Sustainable Environment Research, 2018 vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 289-395.
Rashid M, Shakib N and Rahman T 2019 Biogas Production from POME by Optimum Level of Inputs Scientific Research Publishing, Smart Grid and Renewable Energy, 2019 vol.10, no.8: pp. 203-212.
Margaretha Arnita Wuri, Ambar Pertiwiningrum, Rachmawan Budiarto, and Cahyono Agus Dwi Koranto : Characterization of Natural Zeolite and Chicken Manure Derived Biochar for Carbon Dioxide Adsorption in Biogas, Astechnova, E3S Web of Conferences 43, 01008 (2018)
Benefield L D : Process Chemistry For Water And Wastewater Treatment. Pretice-Hall Inc., Engelwoods Cliffs, New York. 1982
Mrosso R, Machunda R and Pogrebnaya T : Removal of Hydrogen Sulfide from Biogas Using Red Rock, Hindawi Journal of Energy vol. 2020, Article ID 2309378, pp. 10.
O.I. MaileH. TesfagiorgisE. Muzenda : The potency of monoethanolamine in biogaspurification and upgrading, South African Journal of Chemical Engineering, 24, pp.122-127 (2017)
Lety Trisnaliani, Dina Eka Pranata, Fatria, Tahdid, KA Ridwan, M. Nurizzman Alfarizi, Mangihut Pandapotan Lumbantoruan : The Effect of flowrate and NaOH Concentration to CO2 Reduction in Biogas Products Using Absorber, IOP Journal Physic 2020 : Conference Series 1500
Ghatak M D and Mahanta P : Biogas Purification using Chemical Absorption, International Journal of Engineering and Technology 2016 vol. 8, no. 3.
Mitzlaff K V : Engines for Biogas. (Eschborn : Deutsches Zentrum für Entwicklungstechnologien) 1988
Amir Izzuddin Adnan, Mei Yin Ong, Saifuddin Nomanbhay, Kit Wayne Chew and Pau Loke Show : Technologies for Biogas Upgrading to Biomethane: A Review, Bioengineering 2019, 6, 92 pp 1-23
Saleh A, Melwita E, Prastyowati, Manulu L F and Christian Y : Increasing Percentage of Methane (CH4) from Biogas with Purification by Using Zeolite Membrane The 5th Sriwijaya International Seminar on Energy and Environmental Science & Technology. 2014
Walozi R, Nabuuma B and Sebiti A : Application of Low Pressure Water Scrubbing Technique for Increasing Methane Content in Biogas Universal Journal of Agricultural Research 2016 vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 60-65.
F. Tufaner and Y. Avs¸ar : Effects of co-substrate on biogas production from cattle manure: a review, Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. (2016) 13:2303–2312