• Martha Leni SIREGAR Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia
  • Tri TJAHJONO Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia
  • Nahry Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia
Keywords: speed change, power model, heterogeneous traffic, speed ratio, Nilsson’s power model, inter-urban, accident modification factor


The aim of this study is to develop the power model of the relationship between speed and traffic safety. As the inter-urban roads are characterized with heterogenous traffic, the heterogeneity became the focus of the analysis. The present study analyzed the effects of various types of vehicles through a number of speed change combinations and developed  six equations:  number of fatal accidents, number of fatalities, number of fatal and serious injury accidents, number of fatal or serious injuries, number of injury accidents and number of injured road users. The results indicated that the Power Model showed high predictability of the speed-accident relationship. The models fit the data well with Rsq in the range of 0.6-0.8 when only the speed ratios adopted. The vehicle-specific ratio power models exhibited how traffic heterogeneity accounts for traffic safety. The exponents of the equations varied with the types of vehicles, indicating the different sensitivity of accident counts and casualties to the speed ratios. Overall, with the power estimates around one, except for all injured victims, the estimates were systematically smaller than those that were initially inferred in Nilsson's Power model. The values indicated that the increase in speed determined the increase in the number of accidents and casualties from year to year. The present study successfully developed the first speed-traffic safety Power Model for Indonesia. As it is exclusively dependent on the speed changes, the model can well describe the direction of change in traffic safety irrespective of other changes in the driving environment factors.


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Original Scientific Paper