• Ratna Dewi Universitas Sriwijaya
  • Yakni Idris Universitas Sriwijaya
  • Yulindasari Sutejo Universitas Sriwijaya
  • Said Agil Al Munawar
Keywords: Modified flat foundation, Clay, Folded Plate, Shell Foundation, Settlement factor


The design of a foundation is inseparable from the type and strength of the soil, for example, clay soils have poor properties for structures due to their low bearing capacity. Therefore, it is necessary to modify the model of a foundation to increase its bearing capacity and one of the popular methods is the application of folded plate on a flat foundation with angles and flange lengths on both sides. Therefore, this research presented its application at different flange lengths of 0.5B, 0.75B, 1B, 1.25B, and 1.5B where B is the width of the flat plate and the results showed the bearing capacity of the folded plate was higher than the flat foundation. Moreover, an increment in the folded length led to a bigger ultimate load and smaller settlement but the ultimate load and settlement were observed to be almost constant at over 1B. This means the optimum variation where the flange length is equal to the foundation width is 1B and it was observed to have increased by 129.52 % using the Tangent Method and 148.4 7% with Butler Hoy Method. Meanwhile, the lowest settlement factor for the folded plate foundation was 0.22 with the highest bearing capacity of 61.19 kN/m2


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