• Obai Younis Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University
  • Reem Ahmed
  • Ali Hamdan
  • Dania Ahmed
  • Ali Ahmed
  • Ibrahim Ahmed
Keywords: Fluid Flow, Groove, Nozzle, CFD


The study aims to determine the effect of nozzle groove on fluid flow through viscous 2D planar fluid. To fulfil the study’s aim, numerical method was adopted to introduce grooves of different dimensions from the nozzle exit. The study adopts SoldWork software was used to design nozzles and introduce groove shaped nozzles, each consisting of six different designs. The nozzle base model used in this study was similar to the one used in a previous study. The procedure was performed with different pressures (8, 10, and 12 bar) at the similar firefighting nozzle. The velocities contours were predicted based on the choice of nozzle section during the numerical stimulation. The results of present study demonstrated a new approach that can be used for increasing velocity at various types of modified nozzles through grooves at different pressures and locations. For grooves, dimensions 1×1 (mm) and location 15 mm at 8 bar, 10 bar and 12 bars showed no effect on velocity as it reduces velocity by increasing surface area. The velocity increases with increasing pressure in proportion relationship. This clearly explains that the groove has no effect on velocity as it increases due to increase in pressure. This is because the groove reduces the velocity by increasing surface area. The study concludes that use of groove increases velocity of water that further improves nozzles operation.


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Original Scientific Paper