• Valentina Dj Baic Kriminalisticko policijski univerzitet, Beograd
  • Zvonimir M Ivanovic Kriminalisticko policijski univerzitet, Beograd
  • Milan V Oljaca Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Filozofski fakultet, Odsek psihologija


The paper presents research in a form of a survey aimed at examining the sociodemographic and criminal profile of the perpetrator of the crime of displaying, acquiring and possession of pornographic material and exploitation of a juvenile for pornography under Article 185 of the Criminal Code of Serbia, with particular reference to the imposed criminal sanctions. The survey was conducted at the beginning of 2018 and included 62 convicted male persons aged 18 to 70, prosecuted under jurisdiction of the Special Prosecutor’s Office for Combating High-Tech Crime in the period from 2012 to 2016. The results of the research show that the perpetrators of the said criminal offense are exclusively male individuals of an average age of 36,6 years, whose structure in terms of the working status is extremely diverse, starting from workers of various occupations, students to pensioners. In terms of other socio-demographic characteristics, the results of the survey show that the largest percentage of the convicted offenders have completed secondary school, that the number of the employed and unemployed is the same, that they are not married, gravitate towards urban areas, and have not been convicted before. In terms of the modus operandi, the results of the survey show that two methods of execution are dominant: the first implies the use of P2P technology on the Internet and the use of certain closed networks, which allow searching, downloading and sharing of photos and audio-visual data whereas the other involves creating a false profile on the Facebook social network.

Author Biography

Valentina Dj Baic, Kriminalisticko policijski univerzitet, Beograd

Katedra kriminalistickih nauka

Kriminalisticko psiholoska oblast



Baić, V. (2018). Criminal Psychology. Belgrade: Academy of Criminalistic and Police Studies.

Baić, V., Batić, S. & Srdić, D. (2014). Sexually deviant behaviour of adolescents. International Scientific Conference “Archibald Reiss Days”, Thematic Conference Proceedings of International Significance Archibald Reiss Days, Vol. I (Editor in Chief, Dragana Kolarić, PhD), Beograd: Academy of Criminalistic and Police Studies, 2014, p.p. 421-428.

Baić, V., Ivanović, Z., Simeunović-Patić, B. (2017). Distribution and characteristics of cyber violence among elementary school students - Survey results in Serbia. Journal of Psychological and Educational Research, 25(1), 93-114.

Baić, V., Kolarević, D., Gojković, V. (2015). Spatial-time analysis of criminal behavior of sexual offenders. Thematic workbook: Criminalistic Forensic treatment of Crime Scene Sites. (Editor in Chief Ljiljana Mašković PhD), Belgrade: Academy of Criminalistic and Police Studies, 37–46.

Baić, V., Kolarević, D., Ranković, M. (2017). Socio-demographic characteristics of offender rape. Thematic workbook: Forensic Methods in Criminalistics (Editor in Chief Dragana Kolarić PhD), Belgrade: Academy of Criminalistic and Police Studies, 255-272.

Bogavac, Lj., Otašević, S., Cucić, V., & Popadić, D. (2015). The first national study on the social problem of sexual abuse of children in the Republic of Serbia. Belgrade: Incest Trauma centar.

Cantor, M, J., Blanchard, R. (2006). Child pornography offenses are a valid diagnostic indicator of pedophilia. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 115(3), 610–615.

Dragin, A., Muškinja, O., Duškov, M., & Bundalo, Z. (2013). Exploitation of children on the Internet - Report on the research of the Provincial Ombudsman. Novi Sad: Futura.

Henshaw, M., Ogloff, R. P. J., Clough, J. (2017). Looking Beyond the Screen: A Critical Review of the Literature on the Online Pornography Offender. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 29(5), 416-445.

Herring, S. (2002) Cyberviolence: Recognizing and resisting abuse in online environments. Asian Women, 14, 187–212.

Ivanović, Z. Lajić, O., Joka, M. (2016). Using the internet and the risks to the sexual integrity of minors – experiment ‘Krstarica’. Criminalistic Theory and Practice, 5, 43-55.

Kimberly, J. M., Finkelhor, D., Wolak, J. (2003). The exposure of youth to unwanted sexual material on the Internet: A national survey of risk, impact, and prevention. Youth and Society, 34(3), 330–358.

Kuzmanović, D., Lajović, B., Grujić, S., Medenica, G. (2016). Digital Violence Manual - Prevention and Response. Belgrade: Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia and Pedagogical Society of Serbia.

Livingstone, S., Kirwil, L., Ponte, C., Staksrud, E. (2013). In their own words: what bothers children online? with the EU Kids Online Network. London: EU Kids Online, London School of Economics & Political Science.

Mccarthy, A. J. (2010). Internet sexual activity: A comparison between contact and non-contact child pornography offenders. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 16(2),181–195.

Mitchell, K. J., Finkelhor, D., & Wolak, J. (2007). Youth Internet users at risk for the most serious online sexual solicitations. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 32(6), 532-537.

Mnthali, P., Ian, L., Ariana, K. (2015). New Zealand adult internet child pornography offenders. Journal of Criminal Psychology, 5(4), 262–278.

Pavlović, Z., Petković, N., Matijašević–Obradović, J. (2014 Child pornography. Proceedings of the Faculty of Law in Split, 51(1), 45- 61.

Pregrad, J., Tomić-Latinac, M., Mikulić, M., & Šeparović, N. (2009). Experiences and attitudes of children, parents and teachers towards electronic media. Report on the results of research conducted among children, teachers and parents in the program of prevention of electronic violence "Stop chain!", Zagreb: UNICEF Office for Croatia.

Robbins, P. & Darlington R. (2003). “The Role of the Industry and the Internet Watch Foundation” In ‘Policing Paedophiles on the Internet’, MacVean & Spindler (Eds.). New police Bookshop.

Schiffer, B. (2008). Brain Response to Visual Sexual Stimuli in Homosexual Pedophiles. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, 1, 23-33.

Seto, C. M., Eke, W. A. (2005). The Criminal Histories and Later Offending of Child Pornography Offenders. Sexual Abuse. A Journal of Research and Treatment, 2, 201–210.

Sheldon, K., Howitt, D. (2007). Sex Offenders and the Internet. England: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester.

Vejmelka, L., Brkić, G., Radat, K. (2017). Child pornography on the Internet - features of convicted perpetrators. Pravni vjesnik, 2, 77-99.

Original Scientific Papers