• Robin M. Orr Tactical Research Unit, Bond University
  • Anthony Rofe Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine, Bond University
  • Ben Hinton New South Wales Police Force
  • Jay Dawes Tactical Fitness and Nutrition Lab, Oklahoma State University
  • Gianpiero Greco Ministry of Interior, Public Security Department, State Police
  • Robert Lockie Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Fullerton
Keywords: Law enforcement; shooting; pistol accuracy; firearm


Background: Police officers may be required to use their firearms in self-defence. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationships between hand grip size and strength on pistol shooting accuracy in police officers. Methods: Twelve (age = 38.08±6.24 years; height = 174.42±7.33 cm) police officers had their hand sizes (palm width and hand span) and hand grip strength measured. Handgrip dynamometer was set at a Glock 17 pistol’s grip width (50mm). The officers fired 10 rounds from their service pistols at a stationary target. Independent samples t-tests were performed to identify differences between the sexes. Correlations were used to investigate relationships between measures of hand size, strength, and marksmanship. Alpha levels were set at p<0.05. Results: Male officers were significantly stronger (p=0.01) and had a bigger hand width (p=0.03), but not hand span. There were no significant differences in marksmanship between the sexes. Conclusions: Neither hand size nor grip strength had a significant impact on marksmanship even though there were strong and significant relationships between hand size (span and MCP) and grip strength. A V-shaped curve appears to exist between grip strength and marksmanship and hand span and marksmanship, with a potential influencing factor being the standard sizing of the pistol grip.


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Original Scientific Papers