Methods for management of soilborne plant pathogens

  • Milica V. Mihajlović Institute of Pesticides and Environmental Protection, Belgrade
  • Emil Rekanović Institute of Pesticides and Environmental Protection, Belgrade
  • Jovana Hrustić Institute of Pesticides and Environmental Protection, Belgrade
  • Mila Grahovac University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Agriculture, Novi Sad
  • Brankica Tanović Institute of Pesticides and Environmental Protection, Belgrade
Keywords: Soilborne diseases, Methyl bromyde alternatives, Management, Soil disinfestation,

Abstract


Soilborne pathogens cause significant economic losses in agricultural production all
over the world. These species can survive for many years in the absence of a host plant by forming persistent structures such as microsclerotia, sclerotia, chlamydospores or oospores. Consequently, soilborne diseases are particularly difficult to predict, detect, diagnose and successfully control. Over the past 30 years, a fumigant, methyl bromide, has been widely used for their control in many crops. In 1992, methyl bromide was listed as an ozone-depleting substance under the Montreal Protocol − an international treaty to protect the ozone layer. During the phaseout of methyl bromide, problems generated in agricultural production made it clear that dependence on a single method or a single chemical should be avoided. The objective of this review paper was to summarize the current knowledge about different methods of soilborne disease control including: crop rotation, steam soil disinfection, soil amendments, hydroponics and soilless growing systems, soil solarization, grafting, biological control and use of natural compounds, and chemical control. Positive and negative aspects of all available methods were reviewed. Benefits, achieved by simultaneous application of several methods based on different mechanisms of actions, are discussed.

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Published
2017/05/11
Section
Review Paper