• Mario Reljanović Pravni fakultet Univerziteta Union
  • Ana Knežević Bojović


A sound and independent judiciary is a precondition for accomplishing the rule of law. Sound judiciary and citizens' trust in it are of critical importance in any state. However, the attainment of true judicial independence is a task faced both by old democracies and transition countries. For countries facing the challenge of EU accession, such as Serbia, good judiciary is not only an immanent value to be obtained, but will also be a key issue during the negotiation process. Since the adoption of the new constitutional framework in 2006, Serbia has embarked on the task of improving its judicial system. Unfortunately, this process was carried out under strong political influences, and has had a devastating effect on the Serbian judicial corps, at the same time undermining any trust citizens had in the judicial force. Following the change of the political majority in the Parliament and the changes in government, the Serbian Ministry of Justice has undertaken the task of formulating a new Judicial Reform Strategy and Action Plan for its implementation, which are be the core instruments used in the attempt to attain the two above-mentioned objectives: establishing sound and independent judiciary and  meeting the relevant EU accession benchmarks. In this paper, the authors will provide their critical account of the Serbian National Judicial Reform Strategy 2013-2018 and the Action Plan for its Implementation, identifiying  its major deficiencies and drawbacks. The authors will also analyse the planned  and implemented changes to the Serbian regulatory framework.


Commission Staff Working Document Serbia 2013 Progress Report, SWD(2013) 412 final, Brussels, 16.10.2013.

Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council, Enlargement Strategy and Main Challenges 2011-2012, COM(2011) 666 final, October 2011.

Constitutional Court Decision No VIIIU-420/2012 (published on October 24, 2012);

Constitutional Court Decision No. IUz-51/2012,Official Gazzete of RS 49/2013

Constitutional Court Decision No. VIIIU-413/2012 (published on October 9, 2012);

Constitutional Court Decision No. VIIIU-486/2012 (published on November 22, 2012 );

Constitutional Court Decision No. VIIIU-880/2012 (published on January 31, 2013);

Constitutional Court Decision No. VIIIU-961/2012 (published on February 13, 2013);

Društvo sudija Srbije, Jednaki pred sudom i zakonom: država vs. građanin, 2012, (http://www.sudije.rs/).

Enlargement Strategy and Main Challenges 2012–2013, European Commission, Brussels, October 2012, (http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/pdf/key_documents/2012/package/strategy_paper_2012_en.pdf).

European Network of Councils for the Judiciary, Judicial Reform in Europe 2011–2012, (http://www.encj.eu/images/stories/pdf/GA/Dublin/encj_report _judicial_reform_def.pdf).

High Judicial Council Act – Zakon o Visokom savetu sudstva (Official Gazette of RS 116/08, 101/10, 88/11).

Hillion, C., 2013, Enlarging the European Union and deepening its fundamental rights protection, European Policy Analysis, June issue.

Judges’ Act – Zakon o sudijama (Official Gazette of RS, 116/08, 58/09 – CC decision, 104/09, 101/10, 8/12 – CC decision, 121/12).

Judicial Reform Report 2012, Anti-Corruption Council, (http://www.antikorupcija-savet.gov.rs /izvestaji/cid1028-1965/izvestaj-o-reformi-pravosua)

Knežević Bojović, A., Reljanović, M., Reforma pravosuđa u Srbiji, Usklađivanje prava Republike Srbije sa pravnim tekovinama EU: prioriteti, problemi, perspektive, Institut za uporedno pravo, Beograd, 2012.

Nacionalna strategija reforme pravosuđa Republike Srbije, Official Gazette of RS, 44/06.

Nacionalna strategija reforme pravosuđa, Official Gazette of RS, 57/13.

Nozar, W., The 100% Union: The rise of Chapters 23 and 24, (http://www.clingendael.nl/ publication/100-union-rise-chapters-23-and-24, February 10, 2014).

Organisation of Courts Act – Zakon o uređenju sudova (Official Gazette of RS, 116/08, 104/09, 101/10, 31/11 –other law, 78/11 – other law, 101/11).

Presidency Conclusions, European Council, Brussels, 15 December 2006.

Public Prosecutors’ Office Act – Zakon o javnom tužilaštvu (Official Gazette of RS, 116/08, 104/09, 101/10, 78/11 – other law, 101/11, 38/12 – CC decision, 121/12).

Rakić-Vodinelić, V., Knežević Bojović, A., Reljanović, M., 2012, Judicial Reform in Serbia 2008-2012, CUPS, Beograd, (http://cups.rs/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/Judicial-Reform-in-Serbia-2008-2012.pdf).

Seats and Territories of Courts and Public Prosecutors’ Offices Act – Zakon o sedištima i područjima sudova i javnih tužilaštava (Official Gazette of RS, 116/08).

State Prosecutors’ Council Act – Zakon o Državnom veću tužilaca (Official Gazette of RS, 116/08, 101/10, 88/11).

Vilnius Declaration on Challenges and Opportunities for the Judiciary in the Current Economic Climate, adopted at European Network of Councils for the Judiciary General Assembly in Vilnius, June 8–10, 2011,(http://www.encj.eu/images/stories/pdf/ GA/Vilnius/encj_vilnius_declaration.pdf).

Broj časopisa
Stručni članak