Relationship between Obstructive Sleep Apnea(OSA) and Orthodontic malocclusion in non-obese adults

  • Dženana Jašarević Resident in Orthodontics
  • Enita Nakaš
  • Alisa Tiro
Keywords: Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Orthodontic malocclusion, Cephalometric analysis, obesity, adults, non-obesity, Body Mass Index


INTRODUCTION:Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)represents the complete or partial obstruction of the airway.Clinically OSA manifests as sleepness during the day,heavy snoring as well as waking up during the night dues the lack of air.Obesity,gender and orthodontic malocclusion are mentioned in the literature as the etiologic factor for Obstructive Sleep Apnea.

AIM: The aim of this study was to find the relationship in the analyzed studies between the Obstructive Sleep Apnea and orthodontic malocclusion at non-obese adults.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:The electornic search of the database was performed,using PubMed and Googlescholar,with the aim to find the relevante articles which correlate the OSA and orthodontic malocclusion.Keyword included:obstrucitve sleep apnea,orthodontic malocclusion,cephalometric analysis,impact,association,body mass index,obesity,adults,non obesity.

Inclusion criteria were:nonobesity,orthodontic malocclusion,adults,articles published from 1999 to 2019,articles in English,full articles avaiable.

RESULTS:Two hundred papers included keywords.The number of articles that included the fully set criteria was nine.These nine articles were analyzed in detail.

CONCLUSION:Analyzed articles showed that there is relationship between the Obstructive Sleep Apnea and orthodontic malocclusion in non-obese adults.It was also showed that orthodontic malocclusion is etiological factor for OSA in non-obese adults.