Bugarska i kriza u Ukrajini: nacionalni interesi i političke institucije

  • Petar G. Čolakov Bugarska akademija nauka, Institut za filozofiju i sociologiju, Sofija (Bugarska)
Ključne reči: Bugarska i kriza u Ukrajini, Rusija i političke partije u Bugarskoj (2013–2020), ruski energetski projekti i bugarska politika

Sažetak


Ukrajinska kriza je arena geopolitičkog sukoba u kojem se prepliću interesi Rusije, NATO i EU. Ponašanje bugarskih političkih institucija mora se analizirati upravo u ovom kontekstu. U prvom odeljku istražujem reakcije i stavove bugarske vlade, glavnih političkih partija i predsednika o ukrajinskoj krizi. U drugom delu ističem alatke koje Rusija koristi da bi uticala na bugarske političke institucije i procese. Treći deo bavi se merama koje su preduzele Sjedinjene Američke Države i EU da bi neutralisale uticaj Rusije. Zastupam stav da Sofija treba da bude doslednija u ispunjavanju svojih obaveza prema NATO i EU.

Reference

Alpha Research. (2015). Bulgarian foreign policy, the Russia-Ukraine conflict and our national security. Public attitudes February–March 2015. Sofia: Alpha Research. Available at: http://alpharesearch.bg [In Bulgarian]

A MP from the BSP: “Happy victory in the Third Crimean War!”. (2014, March 19). Darik News. Available at: https://dariknews.bg [In Bulgarian]

Bechev, D. (2017). Rival Power. Russia Influence in Southeast Europe. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.

Bechev, D. (2020, November 2). Turk Stream 2 or Balkan Stem? Either way Moscow is the main beneficiary. Middle East Institute. Available at: https://www.mei.edu

Brecher, M. (1996). Introduction: Crisis, Conflict, War: State of the Discipline. International Political Science Review, Vol. 17, No. 2, Crisis, Conflict and War, (Apr., 1996), 127–139.

BSP: “Vision for Bulgaria”. (2019). Available at: https://bsp.bg [In Bulgarian]

Cholakov, P. (2018). Ethnic Entrepreneurs Unmasked: Political Institutions and Ethnic Conflicts in Contemporary Bulgaria. Stuttgart: Ibidem Press.

Cholakov, P. (2019a, November 29). Bulgaria has a serious problem. These words of Herro Mustafa say everything. Deutsche Welle. Available at: https://www.dw.com [In Bulgarian]

Cholakov, P. (2019b, September 11). Will all dark threads connecting Russia with Bulgaria come into light?. Deutsche Welle. Available at: https://www.dw.com [In Bulgarian]

Cholakov, P. (2019c, March 27). Always with NATO, never against Russia?. Deutsche Welle. Available at: https://www.dw.com [In Bulgarian]

Cholakov, P. (2019d, February 28). Russia’s proposed Turk Stream 2 pipeline sparks Bulgaria, EU energy worries. Deutsche Welle. Available at; https://www.dw.com

Cholakov, P. (2020a, October 21) Radev and the Estonian scandal – irresponsibility or a conspiracy?. Deutsche Welle. Available at: https://www.dw.com [In Bulgarian]

Cholakov, P. (2020b, September 23). The great replacement for which Russia works. Deutsche Welle. Available at: https://www.dw.com [In Bulgarian]

Dimitrov, P. (2017). Keeping up with Brussels. The Bulgarian Reaction to the Ukrainian Crisis. In: Marinkov, B., Banchev, B. (eds.) The Ukrainian Crisis and the Balkans (pp. 94–118). Sofia: Paradigma. [In Bulgarian]

Drumeva, I., Ginkova. Al. (2020, September 23). The Prosecutor’s Office has found two more Russian spies. Dnevnik. Available at: https://www.dnevnik.bg [In Bulgarian]

Engdahl, F. W. (2018).The Geopolitical Dimensions of the Three Seas Initiative. Geopolitics, 2018, March 20. Available at: https://geopolitica.eu [In Bulgarian]

Exacta: 28% of BSP voters do not want us in the EU, and 40% – in NATO (2018, April 26). OffNews. Available at: https://offnews.bg [In Bulgarian]

Fagan, M., Poushter, J. (2020). NATO Seen Favorably across Member States. Pew Research Centre. 2020, February 9. Available at: https://www.pewresearch.org

Galeotti, M. (2017). From Trump’s Washington to the Capitals of Europe, Corruption is Russia’s Greatest Ally. In Moscow’s Shadows blog. 2017, March 3. Available at: https://inmoscowsshadows.wordpress.com.

Gerasimov, V. (2013). The Value of Science is in Making Forecasts, VPK (www.VPK-News.ru), No. 8, 476, 1–3. Available at: https://vpk-news.ru [In Russian].

Goldman, M. (2008). Petrostate: Putin, Power, and the New Russia. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gunkel. E. (2020, September 4). How Emilian Gebrev’s Poisoning Tests Disappeared?, Deutsche Welle. Available at: https://www.dw.com [In Bulgarian]

Holmes, L. (2015, November 15). Russia plans a ‘hybrid warfare’ campaign aimed at destabilising Europe, says Bulgarian President. The Independent. Available at: https://www.independent.co.uk.

Kalan, D. (2015, June 9). Bulgaria’s Turn. Sofia gives Moscow some Attitude. Foreign Affairs.

Karaboev, P. (2020, October 21). The United States has expanded the scope of sanctions against the Turkish Stream. Dnevnik. Available at: https://www.dnevnik.bg [In Bulgarian]

Kuras, I., Pirozhkov, S., eds. (2004). First All National Population Census. Kyiv: Institute for Demography and Social Studies. NAS of Ukraine and State Statistics Committee of Ukraine. Available at: http://2001.ukrcensus.gov.ua

Lavrov called the Bulgarian ambassador to Russia: Two Bulgarian diplomats have been declared persona non grata (2020, December 12). Deutsche Welle. Available at: https://www.dw.com [In Bulgarian]

Lalov, N. (2017, October 5). Gripen Commission talks about “Samoletgate” and hints towards Radev’s corruption. Mediapool. Available at: https://www.mediapool.bg [In Bulgarian]

Malofeev, K. (2019, January 13). We are against democracy, we will live according to our traditions. Facotor.bg. Available at: https://www.faktor.bg [In Bulgarian]

Minchev, Ogn. (2016, January 8). The biggest winner is Dogan. Mediapool. Available at: https://www.mediapool.bg [In Bulgarian]

Mitov, B. (2020, May 31). Vindication? Ex-Minister Takes Aim At Bulgaria’s ‘Totalitarian Instinct’. RFERL. Available at: https://www.rferl.org

Mitov, D. (2016, Spetembre 7). “Bulgaria will vote to keep the sanctions against Russia” Trud. Available at: https://trud.bg [In Bulgarian]

Popov, A. (2015, July 26). The Agriculture loses 82 million lev because of the Russian embargo. Dnes.bg. Available at: https://www.dnes.bg [In Bulgarian]

Radev sharply criticizes the F-16 deal, sees emerging “authoritarianism”. (2019, June 28). Club Z. Available at: https://clubz.bg [In Bulgarian]

Rumen Radev announced the lifting of sanctions against Russia. (2017, January 13). bTV. Available at: https://btvnovinite.bg [In Bulgarian]

Russian General Reshetnikov: Ninova and I discussed Radev’s nomination. (2016, November 24). News.bg. Available at: https://news.bg [In Bulgarian]

Rusenova, V. (2019, June 5). Radev: our cooperation with Russia must develop despite sanctions. Vesti.bg Available at: https://www.vesti.bg [In Bulgarian]

Shentov, O. ed. (2018). The Russian Economic Grip on Central and Eastern Europe. Routledge.

Stanchev, Iv. (2020, October 16). How Russia took the gas pipeline and BGN 3 billion. Capital. Available at: https://www.capital.bg [In Bulgarian]

The United States remains against the Belene NPP and the continuation of the Turkish Stream in Bulgaria. (2020, October 1), BNR. Available at: https://bnr.bg [In Bulgarian]

Transparency International (2020). Corruption Perceptions Index, 2019. Available at: https://www.transparency.org

Trenin, D. (2019). From hybrid war to mutual exclusion. How relations between Russia and the United States changed in 20 years. Moscow Carnegie Centre. Available at: https://carnegie.ru [in Russian].

Veselinova, M. (2019, February 11). The authorities finally began talking about Gebrev’s poisoning. Capital. Available at: https://www.capital.bg [In Bulgarian]

Who is Reshetnikov and for which investigation were the Russophiles questioned. (2019, September 10). Free Europe. Available at: https://www.svobodnaevropa.bg [In Bulgarian]

Objavljeno
2021/04/09
Broj časopisa
Rubrika
Originalni naučni rad