Review of machine learning algorithms´ application in pharmaceutical technology

  • Jelena Djuriš University of Belgrade-Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology and Cosmetology
  • Ivana Kurćubić University of Belgrade-Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology and Cosmetology
  • Svetlana Ibrić University of Belgrade-Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology and Cosmetology
Keywords: machine learning, artificial neural networks, quality by design, pharmaceutical development, process analytical technologies


Machine learning algorithms, and artificial intelligence in general, have a wide range of applications in the field of pharmaceutical technology. Starting from the formulation development, through a great potential for integration within the Quality by design framework, these data science tools provide a better understanding of the pharmaceutical formulations and respective processing. Machine learning algorithms can be especially helpful with the analysis of the large volume of data generated by the Process analytical technologies. This paper provides a brief explanation of the artificial neural networks, as one of the most frequently used machine learning algorithms. The process of the network training and testing is described and accompanied with illustrative examples of machine learning tools applied in the context of pharmaceutical formulation development and related technologies, as well as an overview of the future trends. Recently published studies on more sophisticated methods, such as deep neural networks and light gradient boosting machine algorithm, have been described. The interested reader is also referred to several official documents (guidelines) that pave the way for a more structured representation of the machine learning models in their prospective submissions to the regulatory bodies.


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