Povezanost restriktivnih strategija roditeljskog nadzora i digitalnog nasilja u adolescenciji

  • Milica Matović Univerzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet za specijalnu edukaciju i rehabilitaciju
  • Vesna Zunić Pavlović Univerzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet za specijalnu edukaciju i rehabilitaciju
Ključne reči: roditeljski nadzor, restriktivna medijacija, vršnjačko nasilje, internet

Sažetak


Savremene studije pokazuju da deca i adolescenti predstavljaju populaciju korisnika koja najviše vremena provodi na internetu, te su znatno više izloženi rizičnim ponašanjima, a najviše digitalnom nasilju. Stoga je cilj u ovom radu utvrđivanje razlika u učestalosti digitalnog nasilja kod adolescenata u zavisnosti od primene restriktivnih strategija roditeljskog nadzora. Uzorak istraživanja čini 183 učenika prvog i četvrtog razreda gimnazije koji su odgovarali na pitanja o roditeljskom nadzoru i digitalnom nasilju. Roditeljski nadzor ispitivan je kratkim upitnikom, koji se sastojao iz niza kategoričkih pitanja, dok je za ispitivanje digitalnog nasilja korišćena Skala sajber žrtve i nasilnog ponašanja (Cyber Victim and Bullying Scale). Rezultati ovog istraživanja pokazuju da roditelji neredovno koriste restriktivne strategije u vršenju roditeljskog nadzora nad aktivnostima deteta na internetu. Roditeljski nadzor se najčešće svodi na zabranu dopisivanja sa nepoznatim ljudima (51,9%) i nešto manje na zabranu ostavljanja ličnih podataka (35,5%) i posedovanje šifre od uređaja preko kog dete pristupa internetu (37,2%). Završna analiza pokazala je da ne postoji statistički značajna povezanost restriktivnih strategija roditeljskog nadzora sa učinjenim nasiljem na internetu, niti sa doživljenim nasiljem. Kako bi roditeljski nadzor imao značajnu ulogu u prevenciji i redukovanju digitalnog nasilja kod dece adolescentnog uzrasta neophodno je usmeriti roditelje da odluke o pravilima ponašanja na internetu donose u dogovoru sa decom i u skadu sa njihovim aktivnostima i podstaći ih na korišćenje drugih, adekvatnih strategija roditeljskog nadzora.

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