Psychometric properties of the Serbian version of Mental Toughness Inventory and Dark Triad Dirty Dozen in police students
The aim of this paper was to examine the psychometric properties of the Serbian translations Mental Toughness Inventory (MTI) and the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen (DTDD) in Population of Police Academy Cadets. The research was conducted on a sample of 82 students of 1st and 2st year in Criminal Police University. Considering the specificity of the sample both instruments showed good reliability (Cronbach's Alpha Based on Standardized Item α=0.81 for MTI and α=0.84 for DDTD), factor structure is confirmed MTI (χ²=51.5, p<0.001, CFI=0.864 for MTI and χ²=105, p<0.001, CFI=0.886 for DTDD) as well as convergent (r=-.384, p<0.01 between Mental toughness, and Machiavellianism) and discriminant validity. Space for further research of this topic but as well as space for the usage of the instruments in the existing system for selecting candidates for police work has been described.
Chopko, B. A., Palmieri, P. A., & Adams, R. E. (2013). Associations between police stress and alcohol use: implications for practice. Journal of Loss and Trauma, 18(5), 482–497. https://doi.org/10.1080/15325024.2012.719340
Clough, P., Earle, K., & Sewell, D. (2002). Mental tougness: The concept and its measurement. Solutions, 32–43.
Clough, P., & Strycharczyk, D. (2012). Developing mental toughness: Improving performance, wellbeing and positive behavior in others. Kogan Page Publishers.
Cowden, R. G. (2016). Competitive performance correlates of mental toughness in Tennis: A preliminary analysis. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 123(1), 341–360. https://doi.org/10.1177/0031512516659902
Dinić, B. M., Petrović, B., & Jonason, P. K. (2018). Serbian adaptations of the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen (DTDD) and Short Dark Triad (SD3). Personality and Individual Differences, 134(June), 321–328. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2018.06.018
Dopsaj, M., Marković, S., Jovanović, J., Vuković, V., Maksimović, M., Miljuš, D., Tomanić, M., Aničić, Z., Tomić, L., & Stanković, A. (2018). BMI: Analysis of the population indicators in working population of the Republic of Serbia in relation to gender and age. Fizicka Kultura, 72(2), 148–160. https://doi.org/10.5937/fizkul1802148d
Dopsaj, M., Pajic, Z., Kocic, A., Erak, M., Pajkic, ; Aleksandar, Vicentijevic, A., Milosevic, M., & Bozovic, B. (2021). Profile for body fat percentage of serbian working population, aged from 18 to 65, measured by multichannel bioimpedance method. International Journal of Morphology, 39(6), 1694–1700.
Faul, F., Erdfelder, E., Lang, A.-G., & Buchner, A. (2007). G*Power 3: A flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behaviour Research Methods, 39(2).
Fayyad, F. A., Kukić, F. V., Ćopić, N., Koropanovski, N., & Dopsaj, M. (2020). Factorial analysis of stress factors among the sample of Lebanese police officers. Policing: An International Journal, 44(2), 332–342. https://doi.org/10.1108/PIJPSM-05-2020-0081
Gordon, D. S., & Platek, S. M. (2009). Trustworthy? The brain knows. Journal of Social, Evolutionary, and Cultural Psychology, 3(3), 182–200.
Gucciardi, D. F., Hanton, S., Gordon, S., Mallett, C. J., & Temby, P. (2015). The concept of Mental Toughness: Tests of dimensionality, nomological network, and traitness. Journal of Personality, 83(1), 26–44. https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12079
Gucciardi, D. F., Zhang, C.-Q., Ponnusamy, V., Si, G., & Stenling, A. (2016). Cross-cultural invariance of the mental toughness inventory among australian, chinese, and malaysian athletes: A bayesian estimation approach. Journal of Sport and Excercise Psychology, 38(2), 187–202.
Ilic, R., Popovic, J., Markovic, V., Nemec, V., & Milosevic, M. (2020). Work-related stress among primary healthcare workers. Vojnosanitetski Pregled, 77(11), 1184–1191. https://doi.org/10.2298/VSP181228020I
Jonason, P. K., & Davis, M. D. (2018). A gender role view of the Dark Triad traits. Personality and Individual Differences, 125(November 2017), 102–105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2018.01.004
Jonason, P. K., & Webster, G. D. (2010). The dirty dozen: A concise measure of the dark triad. Psychological Assessment, 22(2), 420–432. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0019265
Kesic, Z. (2017). Forms of corruption in the police. Nauka, Bezbednost, Policija, 22(1), 53–73. https://doi.org/10.5937/nabepo22-13153
Kesić, Z. (2018). Police brutality and torture similarities and differences. Nauka, Bezbednost, Policija, 23(1), 35–50. https://doi.org/10.5937/nabepo23-17166
Kukic, F., Dopsaj, M., Dawes, J., Orr, R., & Cvorovic, A. (2018). Use of human body morphology as an indication of physical fitness: Implications for police officers. International Journal of Morphology, 36(4), 1407–1412. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022018000401407
Kukic, F., Koropanovski, N., Jankovic, R., Cvorovic, A., Dawes-J, J., Lockie-G, R., Orr, R. M., & Dopsaj, M. (2020). Association of sex-related differences in body composition to change of direction speed in police officers while carrying load. International Journal of Morphology, 38(3), 731–736. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022020000300731
Kukić, F., Subošić, D., Heinrich, K. M., Greco, G., & Koropanovski, N. (2021). Psychometric properties of the serbian version of the Operational and Organizational Police Stress Questionnaires. Sustainability, 13(24), 13662. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132413662
McCreary, D. R., Fong, I., & Groll, D. L. (2017). Measuring policing stress meaningfully: Establishing norms and cut-off values for the Operational and Organizational Police Stress Questionnaires. Police Practice and Research, 18(6), 612–623. https://doi.org/10.1080/15614263.2017.1363965
Milosevic, M., & Milosevic, M. (2014). Special Physical Education: Textbook on managing the development of physical integrity and capacity in police officers. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing.
Papageorgiou, K. A., Benini, E., Bilello, D., Gianniou, F. M., Clough, P. J., & Costantini, G. (2019). Bridging the gap: A network approach to Dark Triad, Mental Toughness, the Big Five, and perceived stress. Journal of Personality, 87(6), 1250–1263. https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12472
Papageorgiou, K. A., Denovan, A., & Dagnall, N. (2019). The positive effect of narcissism on depressive symptoms through mental toughness: Narcissism may be a dark trait but it does help with seeing the world less grey. European Psychiatry, 55, 74–79. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpsy.2018.10.002
Paulhus, D. L. (2014). Toward a taxonomy of dark personalities. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23(6), 421–426. https://doi.org/10.1177/0963721414547737
Paulhus, D. L., & Williams, K. M. (2002). The Dark Triad of personality: narcissism, machiavellianism, and psychopathy. Journal of Research in Personality, 36(6), 556–563. https://doi.org/10.1016/C2017-0-01262-4
Sabouri, S., Gerber, M., Bahmani, D. S., Lemola, S., Clough, P. J., Kalak, N., Shamsi, M., Holsboer-Trachsler, E., & Brand, S. (2016). Examining Dark Triad traits in relation to mental toughness and physical activity in young adults. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, 12, 229–235. https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S97267
Tomes, C., Schram, B., Pope, R., & Orr, R. (2020). What is the impact of fitness on injury risk during police academy training? A retrospective cohort study. BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, 12(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13102-020-00188-7
Zarić, I., Milošević, M., Kukić, F., Dopsaj, M., Aminova, A. S., & Komkova, I. A. (2021). Association of mental toughness with competitive success of young female basketball players. Human Sport Medicine, 21(1), 86–93. https://doi.org/10.14529/hsm210111