Current integrated pest management tactics for the spotted wing Drosophila and their practical implementation in Switzerland
Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura, 1931) (Diptera: Drosophilidae), the spotted wing Drosophila (SWD) is a concern for small fruit and stone fruit growers. This invasive pest lays eggs in healthy fruits with a serrated ovipositor, resulting in considerable economic losses, mainly in berry crops. In Europe, it was first recorded in Switzerland in 2011, causing considerable damage in all small fruit crops, especially in later-developing crops (autumn raspberries, blackberries, blueberries and elderberries). The pest was found in all regions of the country, from low altitudes to the timberline. The range of host plants is very broad, not only affecting crops, but also wild fruits. Switzerland has implemented a strategy at the national level by combining an effective monitoring system with hygiene measures and mass trapping. Insecticide applications, usually based on spinosyns, are only considered as a last resort. In addition to this already operative strategy, innovative alternatives are considered, in particular the use of repellents or masking substances.
Asplen, M.K., Anfora, G., Biondi, A., Choi, D.-S., Chu, D., Daane, K.M. ... Pascual, M. (2015). Invasion biology of spotted wing drosophila (Drosophila suzukii): a global perspective and future priorities. Journal of Pest Science, 88(3), 469-494.
Baroffio, C., & Fischer, S. (2011). Nouvelle menace sur les vergers. Revue UFA, 11, 1-2.
Baroffio, C., Richoz, P., Arriagada, B., Kuske, S., Brand, G., Fischer, S. ... Kehrli, P. (2013). Surveillance de Drosophila suzukii: bilan de l’année 2012. Revue suisse de viticulture, arboriculture, horticulture, 45(4), 212-218.
Baroffio, C., Richoz, P., Fischer, S., Kehrli, P., Linder, C., & Kuske, S. (2015). Monitoring and controlling Drosophila suzukii in Switzerland. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin, 109, 227-231.
Baroffio, C., Richoz, P., Fischer, S., Kuske, S., Linder, C., & Kehrli, P. (2014). Monitoring Drosophila suzukii in Switzerland in 2012. Journal of Berry Research, 4, 47-52.
Beers, E.H., van Steenwyk, R.A., Shearer, P.W., Coates, W.W., & Grant, J.A. (2011). Developing Drosophila suzukii management programs for sweet cherry in the western United States. Pest Management Science, 67(11), 1386-1395. pmid:21919187
Bolda, M.P., Goodhue, R.E., & Zalom, F.G. (2010). Spotted wing drosophila: Potential economic impact of a newly established pest. ARE Update, 13(3), 5-8.
Calabria, G., Máca, J., Bächli, G., Serra, L., & Pascual, M. (2012). First records of the potential pest species Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) in Europe. Journal of Applied Entomology, 136, 139-147.
Cini, A., Anfora, G., Escudero-Colomar, L.A., Grassi, A., Santosuosso, U., Seljak, G., & Papini, A. (2014). Tracking the invasion of the alien fruit pest Drosophila suzukii in Europe. Journal of Pest Science, 87(4), 559-566.
Cini, A., Ioriatti, C., & Anfora, G. (2012). A review of the invasion of Drosophila suzukii in Europe and a draft research agenda for integrated pest management. Bulletin of Insectology, 65(1), 149-160.
Deprá, M., Poppe, J.L., Schmitz, H.J., De Toni, D.C., & Valente, V. (2014). The first records of the invasive pest Drosophila suzukii in the South American continent. Journal of Pest Science, 87(3), 379-383.
Dorsaz, M. (2016). Amélioration des méthodes de lutte contre Drosophila suzukii dans les baies et cerises en Valais (Suisse) (Master’s Thesis) (p 141). Bern University of Applied Sciences, School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences (HAFL), Zollikofen, Switzerland.
Dreves, A.J. (2011). IPM program development for an invasive pest: coordination, outreach and evaluation. Pest Management Science, 67(11), 1403-1410. pmid:21898760
Fischer, S. (2015). Effet des applications de chaux (Fruchtkalk) sur la survie des oeufs de D. suzukii (Changins Agroscope). Rapport d’essai. Retrieved from https://www.vs.ch/documents/180911/1666309/BilanBaies_Drosophile_2015.pdf/44310a1b-1112-404c-9d01-008336ebd14f.
Grassi, A., Palmieri, L., & Giongo, L. (2012). Drosophila (Sophophora) suzukii Matsumura. new pest of soft fruits in Terntino (North-Italy) and in Europe. IOBC wprs Bulletin, 70, 121-128.
Hauser, M., Gaimari, S., & Damus, M. (2009). Drosophila suzukii new to North America. Fly Times, 43, 12-15.
Haye, T., Girod, P., Cuthbertson, A.G.S., Wang, X.G., Daane, K.M., Hoelmer, K.A., ... Desneux, N. (2016). Current SWD IPM tactics and their practical implementation in fruit crops across different regions around the world. Journal of Pest Science, 89(3), 643-651.
Kehrli, P., Höhn, H., Baroffio, C., & Fischer, S. (2012). La drosophile du cerisier, un nouveau ravageur dans nos cultures fruitières. Revue suisse de viticulture, arboriculture, horticulture, 44(1), 69-71.
Kenis, M., Tonina, L., Eschen, R., van der Sluis, B., Sancassana, M., Mori, N., Haye, T. & Helsen, H. (2016). Non-crop plants used as host by Drosophila suzukii in Europe. Journal of Pest Science, 89(3), 735-748.
Lee, J.C.L., Bruck, D.J., Dreves, A.J., Ioriatti, C., Vogt, H., & Baufeld, P. (2011). In focus: Spotted wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii, across perspectives. Pest Management Science 67(11), 1349-1351. pmid:21990168
Lee, J., Dreves, A.J., Isaacs, R., loeb, G., Thistlewood, H., & Brewer, L. (2015). Noncrop host plants of spotted wing drosophila in North America. Oregon State University Extension Catalog, EM 9113, April.
Lee, J.C., Shearer, P.W., Barrantes, L.D., Beers, E.H., Burrack, H.J., Dalton, D.T. ... Bruck, D.J. (2013). Trap designs for monitoring Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae). Environmental Entomology, 42(6), 1348-1355. pmid:24252375
Walsh, D.B., Bolda, M.P., Goodhue, R.E., Dreves, A.J., Lee, J., Bruck, D.J. ... Zalom, F.G. (2011). Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae): Invasive pest of ripening soft fruit expanding its geographic range and damage potential. Journal of Integrated Pest Management 2(1), G1-G7. doi.org/10.1603/IPM10010
Walton, V., Lee, J., Bruck, D., Shearer, P., Parent, E., Whitney, T., & Dreves, A.J. (2010). Recognize fruit damage from spotted wing drosophila (SWD). Oregon State University Extension Catalog, EM 9021, December.
Wiman, N.G., Walton, V.M., Dalton, D.T., Anfora, G., Burrack, H.J., Chiu, J.C. ... Ioriatti, C. (2014). Integrating temperature-dependant life table data into a matrix projection model for Drosophila suzukii population estimation. PLoS ONE 9(9): e106909. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106909
Authors retain copyright of the published papers and grant to the publisher the non-exclusive right to publish the article, to be cited as its original publisher in case of reuse, and to distribute it in all forms and media.
The published articles will be distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 4.0 International license (CC BY-SA). It is allowed to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, and remix, transform, and build upon it for any purpose, even commercially, as long as appropriate credit is given to the original author(s), a link to the license is provided, it is indicated if changes were made and the new work is distributed under the same license as the original.
Users are required to provide full bibliographic description of the original publication (authors, article title, journal title, volume, issue, pages), as well as its DOI code. In electronic publishing, users are also required to link the content with both the original article published in Pesticidi i fitomedicina (Pesticides and Phytomedicine) and the licence used.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.