RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BODY COMPOSITION AND POSTURAL DISORDER IN GOALBALL ATHLETES: PILOT STUDY

  • Stefan Đorđević Fakultet sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja, Univerzitet u Nišu
  • Nebojša Mitrović Pedagoški fakultet, Univerzitet Istočno Sarajevo, Istočno Sarajevo, Republika Srpska, Bosna i Hercegovina
  • Jovana Zrnzević Internacionalni Paraolimpijski Komitet, Bon, Rebublika Nemačka
  • Martin Kudlaček Fakultet telesne kulture, Polacki Univerzitet Olomouc, Olomouc, Republika Češka
  • Bojan Jorgić Fakultet sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja, Univerzitet u Nišu, Niš, Republika Srbija
Ključne reči: Correlation||, ||, Fat mass||, Scoliosis||,

Sažetak


Abstract

Goalball is one of the most popular ball sports for people with visual disability. Like other sports, goalball offers the benefit of developing one’s physical abilities as well as affecting overall development; however, due to its specific characteristics, it can also have undesirable side effects. In view of this fact, the objective of this study was to determine the relationship between the parameters of body composition and postural status in goalball players. The study participants included 38 male goalball players with the mean age of 27.89 ± 8.4 competing at the international and national levels of goalball representation Group C. The measuring tool TANITA TBW 300 was used to assess body composition parameters, whereas the Spinal Mouse instrument was used for the assessment of postural status parameters among the goalball players. In order to assess the correlation between the two sets of variables (body composition and postural status), correlational analysis between two sets of variables was used. The obtained results reveal a correlation at the level of significance p=0.05 between the angle of the scoliotic curvature in the thoracic area of the spinal column on the one hand, and body mass index on the other, whereas the correlation of body fat percentage and the mass was at the level of p=0.01. No statistically significant correlation was found between the remaining variables. The results obtained indicate increased incidence of deformity both in the sagittal and in the frontal planes of the spinal column; furthermore, the testing of body composition parameters pertaining to fat returned very high results in this group of goalball players.

 

Key words: Scoliosis, Fat mass, Correlation

 

Reference

Abdelkrim, N. B., El Fazaa, S., & El Ati, J. (2007). Time–motion analysis and physiological data of elite under-19-year-old basketball players during competition. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 41, 69-75.

Bjоrntorp, P. (1990). "Portal" adipose tissue as a generator of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, 10(4), 493-496.

Bolach, Е., & Skolimowski, Т. (2000). Influence of the sport team games on a posture of body of blinds and people with dimness of vision. Gymnica, 30(2), 59-63.

Bubanj, S., Živković, M., Živković, D., Milenković, S., Bubanj, R., Stanković, R., Ćirić-Mladenović, I., Stefanović, N., Purenović, T., Stojiljković, D., Obradović, B., Dimić, A., & Cvetković, T. (2012). The incidence of sagittal postural deformities among high school students: preliminary study. Acta Kinesiologica, 6(2), 27–30.

Calıskan, E., Pehlivan, A., Erzeybek, M. S., Kayapınar, F. C., Agopyan, A., Yuksel, S., & Dane, S. (2011). Body mass index and percent body fat in goalball and movement education in male and female children with severe visual impairment. Neurology, Psychiatry and Brain Research, 17(2), 39-41.

Colak,T., Bamac, B., Aydin, M., Meric, B., & Ozbek, A. (2004). Physical fitness levels of blind and visually impaired goalball team players. Isokinetics and Exercise Science, 12, 247–252.

Demeši-Drljan, Č., & Mikov, A. (2012). Posturalni status dece predškolskog i rano školskog uzrasta. U: M. Lazović (ured.), Zbornik radova sa 12. kongresa fizijatara Srbije sa međunarodnim učešćem (str. 65-69). Vrnjačka Banja: Udruženje fizijatara Srbije.

Farajian, P., Risvas, G., Karasouli, K., Pounis, G. D., Kastorini, C. M., Panagiotakos, D. B., & Zampelas, A. (2011). Very high childhood obesity prevalence and low adherence rates to the Mediterranean diet in Greek children: the GRECO study. Atherosclerosis, 217(2), 525-530.

Grabara, M., & Hadzik, A. (2009a). Postural variables in girls practicing volleyball. Biomedical Human Kinetics, 1(1), 67–71.

Grabara M., & Hadzik, A. (2009b). The body posture in young athletes compared to their peers. Medycyna Sportowa, 25(2), 115–124.

Haroun, D., Taylor, S. J., Viner, R. M., Hayward, R. S., Darch, T. S., Eaton, S., Cole, T.J., & Wells, J. C. (2010). Validation of bioelectrical impedance analysis in adolescents across different ethnic groups. Obesity, 18(6), 1252-1259.

Hopkins, W. G., Gaeta, H., Thomas, A. C., & Hill, P. N. (1987). Physical fitness of blind and sighted children. European journal of Аpplied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, 56(1), 69-73.

Catanzariti, J. F., Salomez, E., Bruandet, J. M., & Thevenon, A. (2001). Visual Deficiency and Scoliosis. Spine, 26(1), 48-52.

Jorgić, B., Milenković, M., Milenković, S., Stanković, R. & Bubanj, S. (2015). The frequency of scoliotic body posture among young children in Knjaževac. In S. Pantelic (Ed). Conference proceedings of XVIII Scientific Conference, FISCommunications 2015" in physical education, sport and recreation and III International Scientific Conference (166-170). Niš: Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Niš.

Jorgić, B., Đorđević, S., Belomazeva, S., Milenković, S., Tsonkova, D., Georgiev, G., & Kostić, S. (2016). Postural status of the spinal column in the sagittal plane in a student population. In S. Pamtelic (Ed). XIX Scientific Conference „FISCommunications 2016" in physical education, sport and recreation (295-299). Niš: Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Niš.

Karaba-Jakovljević, D. (2016). Assessment methods of body composition. Praxis medica, 45(3-4), 71-77.

Mannion, A.F., Knecht, K., Balaban, G., Dvorak, J., & Grob, D. (2004). A new skin-surface device for measuring the curvature and global and segmental ranges of motion of the spine: reliability of measurements and comparison with data reviewed from the literature. European Spine Journal, 13(2), 122-136.

Milenković, S. (2007). Korektivna gimnastika, teorija i vežbe. Niš: SIA.

Post, R.B., & Leferink, V.J. (2004). Spinal mobility: sagittal range of motion measured with the Spinal Mouse, a new non – invasive device. Archives of Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery, 124(3), 187-192.

Scherer, R. L., Karasiak, F. C., Silva, S. G., & Petroski, E. L. (2012). Morphological profile оf goalball athletes. European Journal of Human Movement, 28, 1-13.

Slawinska, T., Rożek, K., & Ignasiak, A. (2006). Body asymmetry within trunk at children of early sports specialization. Medycyna Sportowa, 22(161), 97-100.

Živković, D. (2009). Osnove kineziologije sa elementima kliničke kineziologije. Niš: Fakultet sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja.

Objavljeno
2018/02/15
Rubrika
Originalni naučni članak