Exploring the profiles and motives of recreational divers. Case study from Greece

  • Dimitros Mylonopoulos University of West Attica / Department of Tourism Management, GREECE
  • Polyxeni Moira Technological Education Institute of Piraeus Department of Business Management


Leisure diving with self-contained breathing apparatus is one of the fastest growing recreational activities in the world. According to the available data, more than 900.000 people every year are certified by the largest relevant certification body (PADI, 2017). Nowadays, more than 25 million certified divers are recorded worldwide. In parallel, the number of tourists engaged in diving for recreation in coastal resorts, the so-called "resort divers", is also increasing. The growing interest in diving as a maritime tourism activity is supported by the publication of special magazines and videos about the underwater world, the establishment of diving clubs, the operation of special diving boats and the creation of diving resorts. Said interest in the underwater world has resulted in the development of a special form of tourism, namely underwater or diving tourism.

In order to explore the profile and motivation of Greek recreational divers, research was carried out by distributing a structured questionnaire to the members of recreational diving clubs in Greece.

The results of the survey demonstrate that recreational diving is a new and dynamic field of alternative leisure activities with great potential for further development and significant economic benefits for tourism destinations and Greece as well. Its audience travels inside and outside Greece in order to enjoy the marine environment but also to escape from everyday life, has a high-income profile and devotes several days to the destination. However, the current institutional framework in Greece, with big delays and considerable limitations for the demarcation of the areas open to scuba diving, seems to be an impediment for the development of this form of special interest tourism.

Biografija autora

Polyxeni Moira, Technological Education Institute of Piraeus Department of Business Management


University of West Attica / Department of Tourism Management, GREECE


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