ISPITIVANJE RAZLIKA U BOJI ZUBA U ODNOSU NA STAROST I POL

  • Nenad Stošić Odeljenje za Bolesti zuba i endodonciju, Klinika za Stomatologiju, Medicinski fakultet, Univerzitet u Nišu, Niš, Srbija.
  • Jelena Popović Odeljenje za Bolesti zuba i endodonciju, Klinika za Stomatologiju, Medicinski fakultet, Univerzitet u Nišu, Niš, Srbija.
  • Jovanka Gašić Odeljenje za Bolesti zuba i endodonciju, Klinika za Stomatologiju, Medicinski fakultet, Univerzitet u Nišu, Niš, Srbija.
  • Aleksandar Mitić Odeljenje za Bolesti zuba i endodonciju, Klinika za Stomatologiju, Medicinski fakultet, Univerzitet u Nišu, Niš, Srbija.
  • Marija Nikolić Odeljenje za Bolesti zuba i endodonciju, Klinika za Stomatologiju, Medicinski fakultet, Univerzitet u Nišu, Niš, Srbija.
  • Radomir Barac Odeljenje za Bolesti zuba i endodonciju, Klinika za Stomatologiju, Medicinski fakultet, Univerzitet u Nišu, Niš, Srbija.
  • Stefan Dačić Odeljenje za Bolesti zuba i endodonciju, Klinika za Stomatologiju, Medicinski fakultet, Univerzitet u Nišu, Niš, Srbija.

Sažetak


U toku fiziološkog procesa starenja dolazi do promena na svim tkivima i organima ljudskog organizma. Promena boje zuba sa starošću nastaje kao posledica redukcije pulpne komore i stvaranja sekudarnog dentina koji postaje deblji i manje transparentan. Cilj istraživanja je bio da se utvrdi stepen promene boje zuba sa starošću pacijenata i u odnosu na pol. Istraživanjem je obuhvaćeno 166 pacijenata (83 muškaraca i 83 žene) starosti od 18 do 77 godina. Svi pacijenti bili su podeljeni u četiri starosne grupe. Studija je sprovedena na zdravim gornjim centalnim sekutićima. Određivanje boje zuba izvršeno je vizuelnom metodom korišćenjem ključa za boju Philips zoom shade guide u srednjoj trećini krunice zuba. Rezultati su pokazali da je u starosnoj grupi od 18-30 godina dominirala svetla boja zuba sa 21,7%, u grupi od 31-45 godina srednja nijansa sa 12,9% i u starosnim grupama od 46-60 i starijih od 61 godine ustanovljena je tamna boja zuba sa 9,1% odnosno 21%. Najčešća svetla boja zuba bila je A2, najzastupljenija među srednjim nijansama je bila A3, dok je najčešća tamna boja zuba bila A3,5. Žene su imale znatno svetliju boju zuba u poređenju sa muškarcima. Istraživanje je pokazalo da su pacijenti mlađeg uzrasta imali svetlije zube i da boja zuba sa godinama starosti postaje tamnija.

 

Ključne reči: boja zuba, starenje, pol, gornji centralni sekutić.

 

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2019/06/22
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