Proces slabljenja nacionalne države u eri neoliberalizma i krize demokratije

  • Svetlana D. Stamenova Bugarska akademija nauka, Institut za filozofiju i sociologiju, Sofija (Bugarska)
Ključne reči: neoliberalizam, nacionalna država, nacionalni identitet, demokratija, civilno društvo

Sažetak


Članak ima za cilj da pokaže da je država, kao rezultat globalizacije i neoliberalnog oblika vladavine i ideologije, oslabljena kroz kompleksni sistem ekonomskih, finansijskih, tehnoloških i društvenih odnosa na globalnom planu. Povlačenje države sa regulatornih funkcija na svojoj teritoriji je odbijanje države da prihvati ideološku mobilizaciju svog stanovništva na osnovu nacionalizma i nacionalnog identiteta. Paralelno sa padom nacionalnog identiteta, nacionalna država premešta svoju ulogu sa nametanja kulturološke i nacionalne homogenosti kao karakteristike ranije faze izgradnje nacionalne države, na podržavanje kulturološke raznolikosti. Razmatraju se kriza demokratije i pojava postdemokratije, kao i pitanje o mogućnosti postojanja demokratije van granica nacionalne države.

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2021/04/09
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