Uloga, značaj i pristupi izučavanju logistike

  • Marjan A. Milenkov Univerzitet odbrane u Beogradu, Vojna akademija
  • Vlada S. Sokolović Univerzitet odbrane u Beogradu, Vojna akademija
  • Vladimir R. Milovanović Univerzitet odbrane u Beogradu, Vojna akademija
  • Marija D. Milić Univerzitet odbrane u Beogradu, Vojna akademija
Ključne reči: logistics||, ||logistika, military logistics||, ||vojna logistika, business logistics||, ||poslovna logistika, logistics system||, ||logistički sistem, logistics support||, ||logistička podrška, integrated logistics support||, ||integrisana logistička podrška, education||, ||obrazovanje, logistics personnel||, ||logističko osoblje,

Sažetak


Uvod/svrha:  U radu je prikazan razvoj logistike, kao specifične oblasti vojne delatnosti, savremene oblasti poslovanja i naučne discipline, koji inspiriše mnoge istraživače, teoretičare i praktičare da logističkim problemima prilaze sa različitih aspekata. Suština logistike je u integrisanom pristupu svim njenim sastavnim aktivnostima, čime se smanjuju troškovi i povećava efikasnost i efektivnost logističkog sistema u pružanju podrške osnovnoj delatnosti posmatrane organizacije, odnosno tehničkog sistema. Zbog intenzivnog i multidimenzionalnog razvoja logistike i njene primene u različitim oblastima, sve češće se javlja potreba za visokoobrazovnim logističkim kadrovima sa specijalizovanim znanjima za obavljanje širokog spektra delatnosti u logističkom sistemu.

Metode: Na osnovu deskripcije vojne, poslovne, nacionalne i humanitarne logistike i komparativne analize prikazan je njihov međusobni odnos.

Rezultati: Na osnovu izvršene analize objašnjen je značaj izučavanja logistike kao multidisciplinarne nauke i ukazano na potrebu za specifičnim obrazovanjem logističkog kadra.

Zaključak: Logistika se intenzivno razvija u različitim oblastima  u zavisnosti od ciljeva sistema (organizacionih i tehničkih) koje podržava. Generalno, komercijalna logistika se brže razvija u odnosu na vojnu logistiku, a mnoga inovativna rešenja komercijalne logistike nalaze primenu u vojnoj logistici. Međutim, određena rešenja koja daju dobre rezultate u komercijalnom sektoru ne daju adekvatne rezultate u vojsci. Zbog toga je neophodno vršiti istraživanja i proučavanja funkcionisanja logističkih sistema u različitim oblastima i pojedina rešenja pažljivo ugrađivati u vojni logistički sistem. Kao najkompleksniji logistički sistem, vojna logistika zahteva specifičan kadar i način obrazovanja logističkih stručnjaka.

 

Biografija autora

Vlada S. Sokolović, Univerzitet odbrane u Beogradu, Vojna akademija
Department for logistics

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Objavljeno
2020/01/21
Rubrika
Pregledni radovi